Ermolaev Konstantin Andreevich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Background. In Russia, since 1991, a large-scale judicial reform has been carried out, aimed at streamlining the judicial system and streamlining legal proceedings. At all times, there was an acute problem of the quality of the administration of justice and the even distribution of cases. This prompted the legislator and the judicial community to amend the legislation on the judicial system, which was done in July 2018. The purpose of the work is to analyze the changes made, to highlight their advantages and disadvantages.
Materials and methods. Since the Russian legal system is close to the Romano-Germanic, it is natural that the foundations of the judicial system introduced into the Russian legal system were taken from Europe, including the institutions of appeal and cassation. Nevertheless, the national legal system is characterized by originality. The implementation of research tasks was thus achieved based on the analysis of the system of arbitration courts, on the basis of which specialized courts were established in the system of courts of general jurisdiction in the Russian Federation.
In this regard, there was a division of the country into appellate and cassation districts. The appellate and cassation districts have jurisdiction over cases considered in different regions of the Russian Federation. At the same time, global changes in the procedural legislation have not yet occurred.
Results. The problems of objectivity and impartiality of a judge in deciding a judicial act led to the creation of specialized courts, the main purpose of which would be solely to consider appeals and appeals against decisions of lower courts. These changes are designed to exclude the participation of the same judge in the consideration of the case by a higher authority, which is not rare in practice. Therefore, the most optimal solution will be the creation of an appeal court, which is not located in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation, in which the case was considered at first instance. Certainly, this may lead to additional legal costs,
but at the same time, the active implementation of information technologies in domestic legal proceedings will help reduce them, making justice more accessible to everyone.
Conclusions. Studying the problem of objectivity and impartiality of a judge when reviewing a decision of a lower court will help optimize the burden on the judge, create conditions for the stability of decisions made and thereby strengthen the credibility of justice.
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